Armour and Weapons

Argent: in heraldry, the colour silver or white

Barding: armour to protect the horse during a joust.


Caparison: a colourful cloth covering for a knight’s horse, usually reflecting the colours of the knight’s coat of arms.


Chanfron: (sometimes spelled Shanfron) protective armour that protects a horse’s head.Chanfron 2

Charger: a lighter, more manoeuvrable type of warhorse. You may not think of a horse as a weapon, but indeed warhorses were trained to attack the enemy and protect their masters.

Destrier: a very heavy type of warhorse.

Gules: in heraldry the colour red.

Halbard: An axe blade surmounted by a spike on a pole. The top of the halbard is shown below.


Parry: to ward off or deflect the thrust of a sword.

Pel: a wooden post used to practice swordplay.

Poniard: a small, slim dagger.

Ponaird small

Quintain: Used to train for jousting or tilting. Set on a pole stuck in the ground, it consisted of a rotating crosspiece that held a shield on one end and a bag of sand on the other end. When the shield is hit with a lance, the crosspiece swings around. If the hit is poor or the jouster is not agile enough, the sandbag hits the jouster. Pages practice on the quintain using a wooden horse on wheels that is pulled by other pages.

WEB copy - Quintain - Dori Kirchmair

Rapier: a slender, sharply pointed sword used mostly for a thrusting attack.


Tinctures: meaning 1) plant material extracted by alcohol and 2) a word used in heraldry to describe colours, metals and furs each having their own name; argent (silver/white), azure (blue), gules (red), or (yellow/gold), sable (black), and vert (green).


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