Argent: in heraldry, the colour silver or white
Barding: armour to protect the horse during a joust.
Caparison: a colourful cloth covering for a knight’s horse, usually reflecting the colours of the knight’s coat of arms.
Charger: a lighter, more manoeuvrable type of warhorse. You may not think of a horse as a weapon, but indeed warhorses were trained to attack the enemy and protect their masters.
Destrier: a very heavy type of warhorse.
Gules: in heraldry the colour red.
Halbard: An axe blade surmounted by a spike on a pole. The top of the halbard is shown below.
Parry: to ward off or deflect the thrust of a sword.
Pel: a wooden post used to practice swordplay.
Poniard: a small, slim dagger.
Quintain: Used to train for jousting or tilting. Set on a pole stuck in the ground, it consisted of a rotating crosspiece that held a shield on one end and a bag of sand on the other end. When the shield is hit with a lance, the crosspiece swings around. If the hit is poor or the jouster is not agile enough, the sandbag hits the jouster. Pages practice on the quintain using a wooden horse on wheels that is pulled by other pages.
Rapier: a slender, sharply pointed sword used mostly for a thrusting attack.
Tinctures: meaning 1) plant material extracted by alcohol and 2) a word used in heraldry to describe colours, metals and furs each having their own name; argent (silver/white), azure (blue), gules (red), or (yellow/gold), sable (black), and vert (green).